How to Get Feedback on Your Writing

At some point in your writing journey, you will want to know what other people think about your work. That’s when getting high-quality feedback from trusted readers becomes really important. If you’re wondering who and when to ask for feedback, check out our guide below on how to solicit input on your writing.

The feedback cycle is separated into the four following phases:

1. Yourself

One of the strongest readers for your work is actually you! You can use the following techniques to experience your own writing from the perspective of a reader:

  • Wait a few days before reading your work in order to get some distance from your perspective as the author. Some authors are able to gain this perspective in a matter of days, whereas others prefer to wait for much longer, like the famous Stephen King, who lets his drafts sit for six weeks before revisiting them.
  • Read your piece out loud or copy sections of it into a “Text to Speech” reader for a fun way to hear your writing read out loud. Note that text readers use pre-loaded voices and may sound robotic, but they can still get the job done.
  • Print it out or load it onto your e-reader to see it outside of the software you normally use to write, so you can switch perspectives and see the story through the eyes of a reader rather than the eyes of a writer.

2. Alpha Readers

Alpha readers typically consist of close friends and family who are happy to support you in your writing. Depending on their personality and the level of feedback you’ve asked for, you can get responses ranging from unbridled encouragement to in-depth critical analysis. 

It’s important to set expectations with your alpha readers about the kind of input you’re looking for. Many a vulnerable first draft has met harsh words of critique too early in the process. One way to ensure that you don’t get comments that send you reeling is to be gentle on yourself and your draft early in the process. Ask your alpha readers for insight on the bigger picture, like whether your theme is coming across, or how they would describe your narrative voice, and address those elements first. Be sure to let them know that you may not be ready for detailed, line-by-line critiques.

3. Beta & Sensitivity Readers

After you’ve addressed your alpha reader’s feedback, you can then move on to finding beta readers. Beta readers are readers experienced with your genre. These readers don’t necessarily know you personally, and are therefore more likely to provide an unbiased take.

Sensitivity readers are a specific type of beta reader who will read your work with particular emphasis on unintentional biases and stereotypes you may have accidentally written in. If you’re working with characters who differ from you in race, gender, and/or sexuality, it is especially advisable to consider working with sensitivity readers.

If you’d like to learn more about finding a beta reader, check out our in-depth guide here.

4. Professional Editors

Finally, you may decide to work with professional editors to get that final level of expert feedback. Professional editing is roughly divided into three categories: Developmental editing, copyediting and proofreading. Knowing which kind of editor you need for your piece is vital to getting the feedback you need. Learn more about when to bring in one of these experts, how much their services cost, and how to determine a good fit in our in-depth guide about editors

Whether you decide to go through all four of these phases or not, know that feedback will make your writing stronger, and over time, you’ll get better at sifting through input and deciding how to use it. Ultimately, you are the guardian of your own writing, so you get to decide which comments to take and which to discard.

Got questions or want to weigh in on the feedback process? Leave us a comment below!

Published by Lira

Shut Up & Write Community Manager Lira Samanta lives in the San Francisco Bay Area. She also writes speculative fiction and is currently at work on her first novel. Follow her on Twitter at @lirawrites.

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  1. Great article, Lira! Especially the section on sensitivity readers. Gives one something to think about x

    1. Thanks so much, René! I’m happy I was able to provide some food for thought in this piece.

  2. One of my challenges is having “family” read my work.
    I am selective in offering any of my writing to certain friends.
    I’d like to have the opinion of a writer with some interest.

    1. Hi Giovanni — we’d recommend continuing to reach out to your trusted friends for feedback, and we’d suggest asking for the kind of feedback you’re looking for. Sometimes, the reader needs a little push in the right direction so that they can provide comments back to you that will be helpful in your process.

      Wishing you all the best with your writing!

  3. Great job, Lira! Those are challenging topics, specially for ESL writers. Finding Alpha and Beta readers is everything but easy. So thanks for the many valuable tips with that.

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